Houston Matters

How Did Famous Philosophers Promote Racism In America?

A new book examines the ideologies of Adam Smith, Thomas Hobbes, and John Locke and how they perpetuated racist ideas and inequalities.

Philosophers Adam Smith, Thomas Hobbes, and John Locke
Philosophers (L-R) Adam Smith, Thomas Hobbes, and John Locke.

America's Unholy Ghosts

A Houston author says racism in America today ties back to the ideologies of three well-known philosophers: Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Adam Smith

In his new book, America’s Unholy Ghosts: The Racist Roots of Our Faith and Politics, Joel Edward Goza argues these philosophers helped imagine, institutionalize, and ingrain racist ideologies in the United States. 

In the audio above, Houston Matters producer Maggie Martin talks with Goza about how these thinkers played a part in perpetuating racism in America.

Joel Edward Goza
Joel Edward Goza is the author of America’s Unholy Ghosts: The Racist Roots of Our Faith and Politics.

Share