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Texas Originals

Susanna Dickinson, Survivor Of The Battle of the Alamo

One of the few survivors of the Battle of the Alamo. As the smoke was still rising from the mission, Mexican General Santa Ana dispatched Dickinson to the city of Gonzales to warn fellow Texians of the strength of the Mexican forces, sparking the "Runaway Scrape."



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Portrait of Susanna Dickinson
Portrait of Susanna Dickinson, Given to McArdle When She Was Mrs. Hannig, The McArdle Notebooks, Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Susanna Dickinson
ca. 1814-1883


On a cold March dawn in 1836, Mexican officers escorted a shaken young woman and her infant daughter past the heaps of dead in the Alamo courtyard to Mexican General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna. The woman, Susanna Dickinson, was the wife of Alamo defender Almaron Dickinson. She and her baby were hiding in the Alamo's chapel when Mexican troops bayoneted her husband and took the mission.

Dickinson had come to Texas with her husband from Tennessee in 1831, when she was 17. They settled in Gonzales, where their daughter Angelina was born. In 1835, Mexican and Texian troops clashed near Gonzales, and the Texas Revolution began. Almaron volunteered with the Texians, and his small family soon joined him at the Alamo. There they waited for reinforcements that never came.

After the Alamo fell on March 6, 1836, Santa Anna sent Susanna and her daughter to Gonzales to warn Texians about the strength of the Mexican army. That sparked the Runaway Scrape, as settlers fled eastward before Santa Anna's advancing troops. Sam Houston's victory over the Mexican Army at San Jacinto, the following month, ended the war.

With her husband dead, Dickinson sought protection for herself and Angelina but failed to win financial support from the new Texas government. She endured a string of unsuccessful marriages before finally marrying the merchant J. W. Hannig in 1857. She remained with him until her death in 1883, and is buried next to him in Oakwood Cemetery in Austin.




Henson, Margaret Swett. "Dickinson, Susanna Wilkerson." Handbook of Texas Online.

Texas State Cemetery. "Susanna Dickinson."

Todish, Timothy J.; Todish, Terry; Spring, Ted. Alamo Sourcebook, 1836: A Comprehensive Guide to the Battle of the Alamo and the Texas Revolution. Austin, TX: Eakin Press, 1998.


Originally aired March 31, 2012.