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Texas Originals

Julius Bledsoe, Baritone And Composer

One of the first African American performers on Broadway and the first to sing “Ol’ Man River.”


(ca. 1897–July 14, 1943)


The singer who first performed the song “Ol’ Man River” is an obscure figure today. Though he was among the first African Americans to appear on Broadway, baritone Julius Bledsoe made few recordings, and his fame was soon eclipsed by the great Paul Robeson, who succeeded him in the role of Joe in the classic musical Show Boat.

Bledsoe was born in Waco around 1897 and attended Bishop College in Marshall. He took voice lessons while studying medicine at Columbia University in the early 1920s and made his professional debut at New York’s Aeolian Hall in 1924. Three years later, Bledsoe appeared in the original production of Show Boat. A critic from the New York Morning Telegraph described him as “a singer who can pick the heart right out of your body—if you don’t look out.”

Bledsoe was a composer as well. His song cycle African Suite premiered in Amsterdam in 1936, and he wrote an opera based on the novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin. In the forties, Bledsoe had minor roles in films including Santa Fe Trail and Western Union.

Bledsoe died in 1943 and is buried in Waco. His tombstone is inscribed with a line from “Ol’ Man River,” the song that made him a star—“He just keeps rollin’ along.”


Jules Bledsoe Photo Collage
Jules Bledsoe Photo Collage.
This collage is from the Jules Bledsoe Papers at The Texas Collection, Baylor University


To learn more about African-American opera star, Jules Bledsoe, come to The Texas Collection or view our finding aid:…. We’re located in Carroll Library on the campus of Baylor University. Music performed by Jules Bledsoe.

For More about Julius Bledsoe

The Jules Bledsoe Collection, 1918–1943, is at the Texas Collection and University Archives at Baylor University in Waco. It consists of manuscripts collected by Bledsoe during his musical career and includes correspondence, diaries, financial papers, photographs, music, and publicity materials.

Bledsoe is buried in Waco’s Greenwood Cemetery, which was established in 1875 with equal acreage for both white and African American communities.


Selected Bibliography

Cuney-Hare, Maud. Negro Musicians and Their Music. Washington: Associated Publishers, 1936.

de Lerma, Dominique-René. “Bledsoe, Jules.” In Henry Louis Gates, Jr., and Evelyn Brooks Higgenbotham (eds.). Harlem Renaissance Lives: From the African-American National Biography. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Geary, Lynnette. “Bledsoe, Julius Lorenzo Cobb.” Handbook of Texas Online. Accessed July 1, 2013.

Geary, Lynnette G. “Jules Bledsoe: The Original ‘Ol’ Man River.’” Black Perspective in Music, 17, no. 1/2 (1989).

Geary, Lynnette. “Jules Bledsoe’s Voice Still Rings.” Waco History Project. Accessed July 1, 2013.