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Houston Mayor

Voting While Homeless In Houston

Homeless citizens have the same legal right to vote as those with fixed addresses. But the barriers to exercising that right in Texas are formidable.


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Joseph Benson rolls his wheelchair up to a desk in a cramped office at New Hope Housing. The South Houston apartment complex provides housing for low-income residents, many of whom are formerly homeless.

"You don't need a home address in order to vote," Benson said.

Benson works with an organization called Healthcare for the Homeless Houston. For the past ten years, he's helped lead a program to encourage the city's homeless residents to register to vote.

"We pushed it because we wanted to let the homeless community know that voting is a form of empowerment, because individuals that's homeless feel that they have no control of the things that's happening to them," he said.

Each Monday, Benson's group runs a registration table at SEARCH Homeless Services in Midtown. It also helps find polling locations where homeless voters are less likely to face problems casting their ballots.

"Over in Palm Center," he said, "where they have a voting office, they accept the homeless community easier than they do at some of the other places."

Many registrars will turn people away if they can't show they have a fixed address.

"More than once, I've encountered election officials who themselves believe that not having a street address is itself a legal bar to registering to vote," said Joseph Kulhavy, an attorney who worked for eight years in the Elections Division of the Texas Secretary of State's Office. "And that pervasive attitude influences the homeless themselves into believing that they are ineligible to register to vote."

Kulhavy, who now writes the Texas Election Law Blog, said Texas' voter ID law has made it tougher still for such residents to participate.

"There are something like 600,000 people who would be eligible to vote, but for the fact that they lack adequate ID, and a substantial proportion of those people are homeless," he said.

Joseph Benson and his colleagues are doing the best they can to make a dent in those numbers here in Houston.

"In the past ten years, we have been fortunate enough to get over 3,500 individuals registered [to vote]," Benson said.

Getting people to vote in local elections is particularly important. The mayor and city council, after all, are the ones who decide how to address issues that affect the homeless most directly. Like housing.

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Andrew Schneider

Andrew Schneider

Politics and Government Reporter

Andrew heads Houston Public Media's coverage of national, state, and local elections. He also reports on major policy issues before the Texas Legislature and county and city governments across Greater Houston. Before taking up his current post, Andrew spent five years as Houston Public Media's business reporter, covering the oil...

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