The study by the Virginia-based Institute for Justice details the licensing requirements for about 100 low and moderate income occupations in all 50 states, jobs like a cosmetologist, school bus driver, locksmith or security guard. Dick Carpenter led the research.
"Texas, as it turns out, it regulates fewer occupations than many states, but it has the 17th most burdensome licensing laws, so the laws themselves tend to be pretty burdensome in Texas and fees are just one of those things. Sometimes the training can be particularly burdensome as well."
Carpenter says licensure requirements are increasing.
"Sixty years ago, only about one in five workers needed to have a license to practice their particular occupation, but today that number is around one in three so the national trajectory is that more people are having to earn a license to work."
The most expensive fees for an occupational license in Texas are for fishermen, at almost $5,000. The report says Arizona has the most expensive and burdensome licensing laws in the nation.