Texas Originals

Texas Originals: Miriam “Ma” Ferguson

She served as "First Lady" of Texas as wife of Texas Governor Jim Ferguson. Then succeeded him as the first woman elected as Governor of Texas.

Miriam “Ma” Ferguson
June 13, 1875–June 25, 1961

Miriam Amanda Wallace wasn’t considering a career in politics when she enrolled at Baylor Female College in the 1890s.  In 1899, she married James Ferguson and planned to settle down and raise a family.  However, Miriam would make history, becoming the first woman governor of Texas.

Jim Ferguson was elected governor in 1914, and re-elected two years later.  During his second term, he was impeached for misapplication of public funds and declared ineligible to hold public office in Texas.

A few years later, in 1924, Miriam stunned Texans when she announced she would run for Governor.  Promising “two governors for the price of one,” Miriam became known as “Ma” Ferguson and urged voters to restore “Pa’s” honor by voting for her.  

During the campaign, Jim vowed to do the governing if Miriam won.  Many women were furious at Jim’s plan to govern over his wife’s shoulder, but the unusual plan worked.  At the age of 49, “Ma” Ferguson became Texas Governor.

Charges of corruption plagued Miriam’s first term, and she lost a re-election bid.  Six years later, Miriam ran again, this time successfully, returning to the Governor’s mansion for a second term.  

Miriam “Ma” Ferguson retired from public office in 1935.  Her political life was over but her place in Texas history was secure.  60 years would pass before Texas elected Ann Richards as its second woman Governor. 

The Fergusons
The Fergusons


Selected Bibliography

FERGUSON, MIRIAM AMANDA WALLACE. Handbook of Texas Online. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/FF/ffe6.html
Norman D. Brown. Hood, Bonnet, and Little Brown Jug: Texas Politics, 1921-1928. Texas A&M UP, 1984.


Jim Ferguson:   :    digital file from original neg. http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ggbain.16894

This episode originally aired on May 6, 2012.